Classroom Management Help and Instant Attention Getters
ESL and TEFL teachers often do not receive the class management training that their primary school colleagues benefit from. Without preparation, it can be a shock to take on a classroom of energetic children.
Here are some tips and ideas to help you contain your pupils' enthusiasm to a manageable level.
This blog is divided into three sections
1. The basics
2. Handy tips
3. Instant attention getters.
1. The Basics
a. Have your pupils define the rules in the first lesson, and post them on the wall for reference. Knowing WHY a rule is in place makes it easier to keep. You must establish the rules on day one and stick to them!
b. Be consistent in applying your rules. If you are arbitrary when dishing out rewards or 'consequences', you will undermine the rules themselves.
c. Praise good behavior to generate love and self-esteem. Avoid "don't do this" and "don't do that". Instead, focus on the positive in order to draw more attention to it you apply the universal law of "you attract what you focus on". For example, instead of "don't eat in the classroom" try "put that apple away please."
d. If you are working in a school know the law and rules of your institution before your first class.
2. Handy Tips
a. There is nothing so sweet as the sound of one's own name. So use an individual's name for praise and avoid using it when ticking someone off.
b. Use questions rather than threats. For example, ask a naughty student, "Do you want me to speak to your Dad?" By asking them the question you give them the power to choose, whereas if you threaten them with "I will call your Dad if you do not behave", you take the initiative away and seem tyrannical.
c. Prevention is better than cure, so give boisterous students an important task BEFORE they start to play up. They may respond well to the responsibility.
d. Set an example and don't break your own rules by shouting louder than the class! Stop talking, wait, or talk so quietly students are obliged to hush themselves to hear you. You might note the time on the board and for every minute that you wait, students have extra homework. That will quieten them down fast!
e. Hand things out quickly or use a system to have things handed out, such as giving the well-behaved students the task as a reward. Sing a song together or do some counting to occupy the class while materials are handed out. I give tips throughout my books on how to handle specific situations.
3. Instant Attention Getters
a. Play a mystery game and say that during the activity you will be watching for 3 well-behaved students who will be rewarded.
b. Create teams and use peer pressure to encourage good behavior. Deduct, or reward, behavior points to a team's score during a game.
c. Start a song the children know and love – they will all join in with you and at the end, you'll have their attention.
d. Clap a rhythm. Those listening repeat it. Keep going until everyone is joining in.
e. Use cues for silence. These might be heads down or switching off the lights. Vary these with other fun quiet cues such as "Give me five". 1--on your bottom, legs crossed; 2--hands folded in your lap; 3--face the speaker; 4--eyes and ears open; 5--mouths closed. Teach these cues over the first few lessons until you only have to say "Give me five: 1,2,3,4,5", and they do.
f. For children aged 6 to 12 think up a fun 1 to 5 with actions such as clap your hands, turn around, sit down, eyes front, finger on lips". Adapt this idea depending on the space you have in your class.
g. Use the Magic 1 2 3 idea. When a child does not comply start counting 1, 2,… The child knows that if you get to 3 there will be some sort of consequence, such as missing out on the next game. If you use this and you reach 3, you must follow through with an appropriate consequence consistently.
1. Establish the rules and consequences for good and bad behavior
2. Be consistent
3. Be a good example yourself
4. Use peer pressure
5. Use attention-grabbers such as countdowns, favorite songs and rhymes with actions.
You can be firm and fun at the same time, and if you cannot manage your class, you should realize that, although it sounds harsh to say it, you are wasting their time.
I hope you enjoyed the tips above. For more classroom management tips see these two blog posts:
Ask me any questions in the comments box below. I'm here to help.
Shelley Ann Vernon
P.S. You have 60 days to test out the book of games and see if they work for you!