Lesson plan for primary school children: can and sports
Here are ideas to teach CAN + sports to a class of 30 primary school children.
All the games are taken from ESL Games: 176 English Language Games for Children.
With 30 children it is important to be strict during game-playing to keep good control of the class.
1. Play some listening games first to introduce the sports vocabulary.
Jump the Line
Draw a line down the middle of the board. Draw sports of your choice, relevant to your pupils either side of the line. For example, draw a tennis racket and a baseball bat on the left and a swimming pool and a football on the right. Stick on paper pictures if you prefer. Name a sport and tell the children to stick out either their left arm or their right arm to indicate which side of the line the picture is.
Say the words slowly once each and have the children stick out either a left arm or a right arm. This is a check to make sure everyone has understood the game. Now start saying the words quite quickly but not so fast the children get lost. Gradually accelerate.
The fun is all in the pace of the game and keeping pupils on their toes. If you say each word slowly, then wait till every child is sticking out the correct arm, it will be totally boring. Those pupils who make some errors will still be hearing the words over and over again anyway. Make sure you call out words on the same side as well as alternating sides so the children never know which arm it will be.
Then add in two more words and play with 6 words. Repeat words you see children don't know so well more often.
The whole game from start to finish should take five to six minutes and should be played in silence.
If you would like a complete lesson plan for sports, with flashcards and worksheets you can get one with this story set:
A Story for sports with full lesson plan and flashcards, plus worksheets - in this teaching kit for primary school children, with 5 stories for About Me.
Spread flashcards of the sports around the room. – If you have eight pictures ask 8 children to come up, take a picture and stick it on the classroom wall so you have pictures all around.
Call out the sports pictures while pupils swivel around and point to the right picture – again the fun is all in the pace of the game.
This is another silent game.
2. Speaking Games
Now you could try duck duck goose. Set up a four-beat rhythm with two of the sports words, such as tennis, tennis, golf. Golf is two beats, tennis is one beat. Have 5 potatoes or pieces of screwed up paper which are passed around the class as the children chant the rhythm. The potatoes should be evenly spread about the room. Tell the children the route they must pass the potatoes. For example, up and down the rows or from side to side. After thirty seconds of chanting, say stop on "golf". All the children holding a potato stand up and do a forfeit. This can be anything, such as naming a random vocabulary flashcard, doing a dance or doing 10 star jumps. You could put the children in two teams and whenever a child doing a forfeit correctly names the vocabulary, give a point to their team. Then set up the rhythm again but this time with two different sports words, such as football, football, swimming. Once the rhythm is going, tell the children to pass the potatoes and once again stop unpredictably and repeat the forfeits for whoever is holding the potatoes. Repeat this game until you have practised all the vocabulary.
To keep good discipline you can deduct a point from the team if a team member is misbehaving.
3. Teach the sentence "I play tennis".
The children will have a good grasp of the sports vocabulary by now so you can start to use some sentences such as, "Can you play tennis?" Or, "I play tennis."
Relay Race is a simple game to practise saying short sentences. I suggest you make teams. It's easier to use the existing configuration of your class. So, if you have five rows of six children then have five teams of six. Each team will pass the relay from front to back or vice versa.
I suggest that you pass down sentences such as "I can play tennis, I can play football, I can play golf." Give each team a different picture flashcard to pass down. The first person holds their flashcard of a sport. When you say, "go" pupils pass the card to the person behind them saying, "I can play tennis." This person takes the card and passes it to the one behind them saying, "I can play tennis." Pupils keep going until the picture card reaches the end. At that point, the child at the end can bring the card up to the front – walking only (and watch out for bags and things in the aisles that can be tripped over).
A little movement is good in class, but not too much with thirty children. See Relay Race from ESL Games: 176 English Language Games for Children for more ideas on how to play.
4. Teach the question "Can you play?"
Colour Wolf – listening to the question form "Can you play tennis?" Give out 29 pictures of sports – if you are teaching 8 new words then you would have between 3 and 4 copies of the same picture. If you do not have any flashcards then ask the children to do one picture of a sport of their choice. Make sure the children do not all draw the football!
Now each child has a picture, ask the whole class to stand up. You ask, "Can you play tennis?" All the children holding a picture of tennis must sit down. To prevent cheating have the children showing their pictures. Continue asking your questions as you go through all the sports until you read the last sport – all those left standing are winners.
Have the children swap pictures and play again or move on to something else. Ideally, pick out one of the winners to come up and ask the questions for round two.
5. Writing games
Now you could show your children how the words are written by playing hangman for a few minutes. Hopefully, you will get through all 8 new words in about 5-8 minutes. You do not want to play for longer than that. Tell the children that they must write down the correct spelling of each word during the game in their vocabulary notebooks – or wherever.
Now the children will have seen the words written and will have copied them down. So you could play Boggle.
Here is an example of a grid with sports including tennis, football, swimming, golf, hockey, bowls and sailing. Note that to make a word you can only use a letter once, so to make running you would need three Ns in the grid – and there are only two.
For fun, you could give out bonus points for any other words that the children come up with in addition to the 8 sporting words. There are masses of them! Without really looking I can see the words: now, run, gun, man, ran, rat, mat, wet, met, yellow, hello and these less obvious words, slim, tan, mug, cello, bin, ban, coal, mole, whole, goal, toll, bowl, age, etc. etc. This is just an extra to see what the children come up with. Obviously, they have limited vocabulary and will not find all the words, and the purpose is not to spend time writing out a list of words either, but just to give the quicker children an extra challenge.
6. Consolidate and Revise
I suggest that you use sports vocabulary and do a few rounds with some other themes as revision.
1. A Story for sports with full lesson plan and flashcards, plus worksheets - in this teaching kit for primary school children, with 5 stories for About Me.