Teaching parts of speech - subject, verb, object
A dismayed ESL teacher found that his students did not understand the concepts of subject, verb, object. When he tried to explain English grammar, he found that he needed to explain grammar. My games and teaching philosophy work for this too! Here's how to teach the concepts of subject, verb, object.
Explain what they are with pictures, like the dog drinking the milkshake in the picture at the top of this blog.
subject - who or what does the action - THE DOG
verb - what is the action - DRINKS
object - what is affected by the action - MILKSHAKE
Pupils think of more and identify the parts of speech with colours
Ask pupils for other examples of subjects, verbs and objects.
Using the picture above you might get:
The dog is wearing glasses.
The dog is lying on the chair.
The dog is wearing a robe.
Then show a list of ten sentences and ask kids to read out all the verbs.
If you have these on the board have a kid underline all the verbs in green as the class calls them out.
Then have the class identify all the subjects - underline in pink.
And then do the objects - underline in blue.
A game to put the parts of speech into sentences
Have the class choose and write down EITHER a subject, an object or a verb,
(preferably using the colour code on the board).
Now kids go around the class looking for two other people with whom to make a sentence.
If a child has written down an object he or she has to find a subject and a verb.
When kids have joined up in groups of three they stand in their groups and wait a few minutes for others to finish.
Don't wait till everyone has finished.
Ask everyone who hasn't made a group to sit down and be prepared to switch places with a student in a group. Then listen to the sentences that have been created. Have each student sitting down swap places with someone in a group. This is important as they are included, even though they did not manage to find partners to make a sentence.
Using pictures ask children to make up 3 sentences each using a subject, verb and object. With the blog picture here examples are. The dog drinks milkshake. The dog is lying on the bed. The dog is wearing sunglasses. I can see a dog. Try finding the subject, verb and object in questions...can you see the dog?
In a future lesson you can play this again, but making groups of four and including adverbs.
All the best
Shelley Ann Vernon